Citizenship is between an individual and a state to which the person owes loyalty and is also entitled to protection. The majority of individuals are legal citizens of one or more nations which grants them specific privileges and rights. Citizens fulfil commitments to their government in exchange protection of their critical interests.
The term ‘Aliens’ means citizens of one country who live in another. Political treaties and other laws of a particular country in which they reside dictate their rights and responsibilities.
The number of citizenships one can have depends on the laws of the country. So, how many citizenships can you have depending on the country’s law for which you want citizenship? However, in India, there are no dual or multiple citizenships. Therefore, a person can have only one citizenship in India.
Types of citizenship In India
- Place of birth: Citizenship of the country where the person is born.
- By Descent: Nationality can pass through the generations. From parents, this can transform, but it could also be hundreds of years old.
- By naturalisation: If a person has normally been a resident of India for 12 years and meets all of the requirements in the Citizenship Act’s third schedule, he or she is eligible for citizenship by naturalisation.
The person should be resident in India for the immediately preceding twelve months from the date of making the application. The person should be resident in India for eleven years in the aggregate fourteen years preceding the twelve months.
- By way of investment: People who contribute to a country’s economy by investment or donation might get citizenship.
Multiple citizenships in India and other countries
The Indian constitution prohibits Dual citizenship in India (holding Indian citizenship and citizenship of another country). Citizenship in multiple countries has become more prevalent in recent years, and dual citizenship can occur by different laws rather than by choice.
Most governments attempted to prevent dual citizenship by requiring newcomers to relinquish their citizenship in their country and by stripping citizenship from emigrants who became naturalised citizens of other countries. Such policies, however, were not always followed.
The increased mobility, the ability of children to gain citizenship not just of their father but also of their mother, the emergence of new norms and human rights standards, and changing legislation have aided the growth of dual citizenship.
Citizenship in a globalised world
The concept of citizenship as membership and identification in a single nation-state has evolved due to globalisation. The growing number of countries that grant dual citizenship and non-citizen rights has made obtaining citizenship less a priority.
Furthermore, migrants’ transnational activity diminished the importance of national citizenship. National connections matter, but they aren’t always paramount in many people’s experiences.
The rise of nativism, on the other hand, revived debates about national identity and loyalty to a single state, owing in part to globalisation and fears of terrorism-related immigration. The implications of these changes for states and immigrants are the focus of current and future research.
Global citizenship comprises a set of common values and a sense of shared duty. Global people recognise that global and remote events considerably impact local events and vice versa. They advocate human rights before any national legislation or identity and maintain equality among all people.
The values of global citizenship include diversity, interconnectedness, empathy, and perspective. Global citizens embody these ideals and are uniquely positioned to contribute in various settings locally, nationally, and worldwide without causing harm to one society to benefit another. They encourage international understanding and foster it.
Individuals, corporations, global nomads, young and old, big and little, for-profit and nonprofit, public and private, introverts and extroverts, men and women, children and anybody in between are considered global citizens.
Individual leaders promoting shared values and corporate citizens whose governance, ethics, business model, and investment strategy create not just extract value in every place they touch go hand in hand.
Renunciation and termination of Indian citizenship
Renunciation and termination of Indian Citizenship can be done under the following circumstances:
- When a person who is also an Indian citizen or a citizen of another country makes a declaration renouncing his Indian citizenship
If such a statement is made during a war in which India is involved, registration will get postponed until the Central government directs otherwise.
- Every minor child of a person who renounces Indian citizenship unless that child declares his intention to resume Indian citizenship and become a citizen of India within one year of reaching full age
- If a citizen of India willingly acquires the citizenship of another nation, he shall cease to be a citizen of India.
This clause does not apply to an Indian citizen who gets the citizenship of another country in which India may be freely engaged during the conflict.
Many appeals in the global media focus on cultivating a sense of global duty rather than accountability for specific locations. As a result, we might consider whether a sense of global citizenship is a historically unique concept that is not dependent on competition between global citizens and others.
Renunciation, termination, or deprivation of citizenship will result in the loss of citizenship. The acts also ensure that the procedures relating to citizenship are protected. Legislation like the Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship Amendment Bill of 2019 has been amended appropriately over time.
Although some migrants living in other countries will identify more with one society due to globalisation, the majority appear to maintain several identities that link them to more than one nation at the same time, resulting in a hybrid cultural phenomenon.
How many citizenships can we have in India?
Only one citizenship
What is Dual citizenship?
Dual citizenship refers to a person's ability to hold multiple nationalities of two countries, which provides the individual with country-specific privileges and rights.
Is Dual Citizenship allowed in India?
There is no provision in the Indian constitution for acquiring dual or multiple citizenships.
What is renunciation?
Any Indian citizen who is also a citizen of another country who renounces his Indian citizenship through a declaration in an authorised manner ceases to be an Indian citizen.
What is Termination?
Indian citizens might withdraw their citizenship if a person adopts citizenship of another country knowingly or voluntarily.